Uprisings in the Middle East

Protests continue against threat of counter-revolution in Egypt

By our reporter, 14 March 2011

Egypt’s new provisional government is complicit in violent tactics to bring about a counter-revolution.

Massive police mobilisation stifles “Day of Rage” protests in Saudi Arabia

By Chris Marsden, 12 March 2011

Massive numbers of police succeeded in intimidating anyone seeking to join protests urged by Saudi Arabian dissident groups after the Muslim Friday prayers in cities including the capital Riyadh.

France recognises Libyan opposition leadership

By Patrick O’Connor, 11 March 2011

French President Nicolas Sarkozy’s unilateral initiative comes amid ongoing discussions in Washington and Brussels of air strikes, no-fly zones, and other military measures aiming to install a client government in Tripoli friendly to major oil companies and the western powers.

British ruling elite advance “humanitarian” cover for intervention in Libya

By Julie Hyland, 11 March 2011

Britain’s ruling elite are sharpening their neo-colonial claws once again in the guise of “humanitarian intervention”, this time utilising the suffering of the Libyan masses.

Germany: Demonstration in Bielefeld to support the Arab revolutions

By our reporters, 11 March 2011

On Saturday, March 5, over a hundred people assembled in the German city of Bielefeld to express their support for the revolutions in the Middle East and North Africa.

The resurgence of Italy’s imperialist ambitions in Libya

By Marc Wells, 10 March 2011

The Italian warship Libra docked in Benghazi, Libya, as the Italian ruling class calculates how to defend its imperialist interests in Libya.

Washington to escalate military moves against Gaddafi

By Barry Grey, 10 March 2011

The United States and its allies continue to prepare more expansive and direct military actions to topple the regime of Colonel Muammar Gaddafi.

Down with Gaddafi! No to US-NATO intervention!

By Patrick Martin and David North, 10 March 2011

The overthrow of Gaddafi by a US-NATO intervention rather than by the working class in the leadership of the oppressed masses would not only mean the abortion of the revolution, but the installation of yet another colonialist regime.

SEP (Canada) Meeting in Montreal

Egypt and the return of revolutionary struggles

10 March 2011

The Socialist Equality Party (Canada) is holding a meeting in Montreal on March 17 to discuss the significance and implications of the reemergence of open class struggle on a world stage.

WSWS public meeting in Paris

The revolutions in the Maghreb and the Middle East and the Theory of Permanent Revolution

10 March 2011

The World Socialist Web Site is holding to a meeting in Paris on April 3 devoted to discussing the revolution in the Maghreb, the Middle East and the political tasks of the working class.

US, Britain step up plans for military intervention in Libya

By Ann Talbot, 9 March 2011

The threat of direct foreign military intervention against Libya has moved closer in the last 24 hours, as international support has gathered for a no-fly zone.

Violent crackdown on Iraqi opposition

By Patrick Martin, 9 March 2011

The reality of US-imposed “democracy” in Iraq is being displayed in police raids on opposition parties and mass arrests of demonstrators against the government of Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki.

US intensifies military operations in Libya

By Mike Head, 8 March 2011

Officially, the Obama administration and Washington’s allies are still drawing up “contingency plans” to intervene in the Libyan crisis. In reality, intensive military and intelligence operations are underway within and around the oil-rich country.

Egyptian protesters storm secret police headquarters

By Patrick Martin, 8 March 2011

Thousands of people, many of them former prisoners and victims of torture, took action to preserve documents showing their abuse at the hands the State Security Investigations agency.

Iran’s Green Protests: Elite power struggle intensifies as Supreme Leader nears death

By Sahand Avedis, 8 March 2011

In the midst of an historic uprising of the working class in North Africa and the Middle East directed against the region’s authoritarian US-backed regimes, Iran’s rightwing Green opposition has failed to relaunch itself.

Australian government calls for air strikes on Gaddafi forces

By James Cogan, 7 March 2011

Speaking in Israel yesterday, Australian Foreign Minister Kevin Rudd again demanded that the UN Security Council impose a “no-fly zone” over Libya.

US and allies step up military and intelligence operations in Libya

By Ann Talbot, 7 March 2011

The detention of British and Dutch soldiers in Libya confirms that the US and its allies are stepping up their operations within the country.

Global forces driving Middle East uprisings

By Nick Beams, 5 March 2011

The rapidity of events in the Middle East is, in the final analysis, the outcome of deeper processes rooted in the world economy—processes that are at work in every corner of the globe.

Western powers exploit Libyan crisis to step up intervention plans

By Mike Head, 5 March 2011

On the pretext of preventing a humanitarian disaster in Libya, the US and its European allies are intensifying military operations and economic measures against the Gaddafi regime.

The alliance between the EU and Libya in the persecution of refugees

By Martin Kreickenbaum, 5 March 2011

For years the European Union has collaborated closely with the dictatorships in Libya and Tunisia to stop refugees breaching the perimeter of “Fortress Europe”.

Egyptian military regime rolls out a new front man

By Patrick Martin, 5 March 2011

Bourgeois figures like Mohamed ElBaradei have hailed the appointment of the new prime minister, Essam Sharaf.

Canada signs on for imperialist campaign against Libya

By Keith Jones, 4 March 2011

The Canadian government has dispatched a navy frigate to Libyan shores and special forces to Malta in preparation for military intervention in the oil-rich North African country.

Egyptian prime minister resigns on eve of mass protest

By Alex Lantier, 4 March 2011

Egyptian Prime Minister Ahmed Shafiq resigned yesterday to avert a Million-Man March, scheduled by anti-regime protesters.

Military planning continues as divisions mount over Libyan intervention

By Ann Talbot, 4 March 2011

Sharp divisions within ruling circles have not halted the military preparations for an attack on Libya.

German interests in Libya

By Ulrich Rippert, 4 March 2011

German business has been able to benefit considerably due to the close and long-standing cooperation between the Gaddafi regime and the German government on economic and security issues.

US, European officials debate military intervention in Libya

By Patrick O’Connor and Patrick Martin, 3 March 2011

Top officials of the Obama administration and Congress are publicly discussing the prospects for American military intervention in Libya.

Materiel and personnel in place for military intervention in Libya

By Julie Hyland, 2 March 2011

The United States, Britain and the European powers are deepening their preparations for intervention in Libya, including military action.

German imperialism and the crisis in Libya

By Peter Schwarz Alex Lantier, 2 March 2011

Germany has emerged as a full-fledged participant in the great power drive for imperialist intervention in Libya.

Protests spread throughout Arabian Peninsula

By Alex Lantier, 2 March 2011

Renewed protests hit Yemen, Oman and Bahrain yesterday. There are signs that the protests that spread from Tunisia and Egypt to the Arabian Peninsula may also overtake Saudi Arabia and Kuwait.

Russia and the uprisings in the Middle East

By Andrea Peters, 2 March 2011

The ongoing wave of popular uprisings in the Middle East and North Africa has provoked alarm within the Kremlin, which fears the destabilizing impact of these events on Russia’s national interests in the region, the world economy and mass consciousness throughout the former Soviet sphere.

Clashes mount in Libyan uprising against Gaddafi

By Patrick O’Connor, 1 March 2011

Washington is now spearheading contingency plans for an international intervention against the Gaddafi regime, aimed at securing the imperialist powers’ control over Libyan oil reserves.

Imperialist hands off Libya!

By Patrick Martin, 1 March 2011

The United States and the European powers are seeking to carve up the oil-rich North African country.

Bahrain protests demand political change

By Niall Green, 1 March 2011

Anti-government protests are continuing in the Persian Gulf kingdom of Bahrain. Demonstrators blockaded the National Assembly, Bahrain’s rubber-stamp parliament, on Monday. Crowds of thousands are still occupying Pearl Square, the focus for demonstrators in the capital city, Manama.

As Libyan rebels close in on Gaddafi, US and Europe ramp up intervention

By Barry Grey, 28 February 2011

With dictator Muammar Gaddafi’s control over the country ebbing, the United States and its European allies are stepping up their intervention into the Libyan crisis.

Police crackdown against protests in Egypt, Oman

By Patrick Martin, 28 February 2011

Egyptian military police attacked and beat protesters Saturday in Tahrir Square, the focal point of the mass popular movement that forced the resignation of President Hosni Mubarak two weeks ago.

Iraq “day of rage” protests shake US occupation regime

By Alex Lantier, 26 February 2011

Tens of thousands of people protested social conditions and official corruption in cities around Iraq.

New mass protests against US-backed regimes in Egypt and Yemen

By David Walsh, 26 February 2011

Protests took place Friday in Egypt and Yemen, as masses of people press onward in an effort to rid themselves of brutal, tyrannical regimes.

Notes on the Egyptian Revolution

By Nick Beams, 25 February 2011

The following report by Nick Beams, national secretary of the Socialist Equality Party (Australia), was delivered to an aggregate meeting in Sydney.

Calls mount for military intervention in Libya

By Ann Talbot, 25 February 2011

The British government is actively considering deploying Special Forces in Libya, as several Western governments consider plans for military intervention.

Class struggle emerges in Saudi Arabia

By Harvey Thompson, 25 February 2011

Over 600 construction workers employed by a major company on a project expanding the northern courtyard of the Grand Mosque in Mecca, Saudi Arabia, are on strike.

Iraqi officials fear national “day of rage” protest

By Alex Lantier, 25 February 2011

As anti-government protests spread throughout Iraq, leading Iraqi politicians tried to limit preparations for today’s “day of rage” protests in US-occupied Iraq.

US and Europe weigh up Libyan intervention as oil prices spike

By Patrick O’Connor, 24 February 2011

The overriding concern of the imperialist powers is to re-establish stability in the North African state and ensure the continued flow of oil exports.

Obama and the Libyan crisis

By Bill Van Auken, 24 February 2011

Faced with a popular uprising and mass slaughter in Libya, one of the world’s major oil producers, President Barack Obama Wednesday spoke of “freedom,” “justice” and “dignity,” while warning that his administration is preparing a “full range of options.”

Libyan protests outside BBC: “An amazing revolution is taking place in the Middle East”

By Robert Stevens and John Newham, 24 February 2011

Protesters are holding regular demonstrations outside the BBC’s HQ in Manchester city centre in north-west England against the Gaddafi regime.

Mass protests continue in Bahrain

By Niall Green, 24 February 2011

Tens of thousands of anti-government demonstrators took to the streets of Bahrain’s capital, Manama, this week. Defying government demands to end protests, amid vicious police attacks on crowds last week that left an estimated eight people dead and hundreds more wounded, crowds called for the fall of the regime and justice for slain protestors.

Letters from our readers

24 February 2011

A selection of recent letters to the World Socialist Web Site.

Egyptian junta clamps down on strikes

By Chris Marsden, 23 February 2011

Egypt’s military regime has threatened to illegalise strikes in the face of the ongoing social unrest in the aftermath of the removal of President Hosni Mubarak.

Gaddafi threatens mass killings as popular rebellion spreads

By Patrick Martin, 23 February 2011

Libyan ruler Muammar Gaddafi threatened widespread massacres against his own people in an appearance on state television Tuesday.

Libya and the bankruptcy of Arab nationalism

By Bill Van Auken, 23 February 2011

The desperate attempt by the regime of Colonel Muammar Gaddafi to drown the uprising of the Libyan masses in blood constitutes yet another brutal and tragic proof of the bankruptcy of Arab nationalism.

US admiral tours Persian Gulf as protests spread

By Alex Lantier, 23 February 2011

Admiral Mike Mullen, the chairman of the US Joint Chiefs of Staff, visited the United Arab Emirates yesterday amid a wave of mass revolutionary struggles in the Middle East that has forced dictators in Tunisia and Egypt from power.

More news of ties to North African dictators roils French ruling elite

By Kumaran Ira, 23 February 2011

New details of corrupt ties between French politicians and North African dictators are implicating the entire French political establishment.

World oil prices soar, stocks tumble on fears of widening unrest in North Africa and Middle East

By Barry Grey, 23 February 2011

Global stock values fell broadly for the second day on Tuesday and crude oil prices surged as the social upheaval in Libya disrupted petroleum exports and ongoing protests in Bahrain and Yemen threatened to spread to Saudi Arabia.

UK’s PM Cameron talks “democracy” while peddling arms to Gulf despots

By Julie Hyland, 23 February 2011

British Prime Minister David Cameron made headline news Monday, becoming the first world leader to visit Egypt since President Hosni Mubarak was ousted in a popular uprising.

Israel’s sabre-rattling against Iran

By Jean Shaoul, 22 February 2011

Israel has responded belligerently to Iran’s sending of two warships through Egypt’s Suez Canal into the Mediterranean Sea, calling it a provocation and threatening retaliatory action.

Uprising spreads to Libyan capital

By Ann Talbot, 22 February 2011

The response of the Libyan regime of Colonel Muammar Gaddafi to the spread of the uprising to the capital Tripoli has been to kill and wound more protesters.

New protests rock Tunisian government

By Patrick Martin, 22 February 2011

Two days of anti-government protests in Tunisia have thrown the interim regime that succeeded ousted president Zine El Abidine Ben Ali into crisis.

Eye-witness report from Libya

22 February 2011

The World Socialist Web Site has received correspondence from a reader in Libya.

Libyan government massacres demonstrators as uprising spreads

By Patrick O’Connor, 21 February 2011

The Libyan government of Muammar Gaddafi is attempting to violently suppress an uprising centred in the country’s eastern cities and towns, killing hundreds of protestors.

Protests by students and workers in Algeria and Morocco

By Antoine Lerougetel, 21 February 2011

The anti-government demonstrations are part of a wave of social unrest sweeping North Africa and the Middle East

Anti-government action spreads to Djibouti

By Niall Green, 21 February 2011

The wave of popular protests in the Middle East and North Africa has reached the country of Djibouti.

Popular uprisings spread across Middle East despite brutal crackdowns

By Mike Head, 19 February 2011

Unprecedented upheavals from Algeria to Iraq are causing consternation in the Obama administration and among the major European powers.

Mass celebrations in Egypt one week after Mubarak downfall

By Alex Lantier, 19 February 2011

Millions of people attended victory celebrations one week after a mass protests forced Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak from office.

Wall Street Journal flaunts its support for dictatorship

By David Walsh, 19 February 2011

The recent events in the Middle East and North Africa help expose the claim that the US government has an interest in democracy anywhere in the world. The Wall Street Journal has come to the defense of brutal regimes backed by Washington.

Lethal crackdown in Bahrain is “Made in the US”

Further unrest in Yemen

By David Walsh, 18 February 2011

A savage attack by police on peaceful, sleeping demonstrators in the center of Bahrain’s capital Manama early Thursday morning left at least six dead, dozens wounded and 60 missing.

Protests spread throughout Iraq

By Alex Lantier, 18 February 2011

Protests spread to cities throughout Iraq, as protesters demanded jobs and social services and opposed corrupt US-backed authorities.

Libyan regime attempts to crush uprising

By Ann Talbot, 18 February 2011

It is reported that at least 20 people have been killed in two days of clashes between protesters and Libyan security forces.

Major new protests in Bahrain, Yemen, Libya and Iraq

By David Walsh, 17 February 2011

Populations across the Middle East and North Africa continue to express opposition to their respective governments, demanding political rights and pressing for economic gains, in an unprecedented wave of unrest and resistance.

Egyptian workers step up strike offensive

By Patrick Martin, 17 February 2011

Workers are defying appeals from the military command to go back to work.

Egyptian military commands a vast business empire

By Mike Head, 17 February 2011

Far from representing any democratic instrument, the military is a consciously counter-revolutionary force, determined to crush the workers’ uprising in order to defend its own immense business interests, as well as those of its pay masters in the US.

Israeli workers and the Egyptian revolution

By Chris Marsden, 17 February 2011

Nowhere is fear of the implications of the popular upsurge of the Egyptian people more acute than in the Israeli ruling class.

Protests continue in Bahrain and Yemen

By Andrea Peters, 16 February 2011

Anti-government protests are ongoing in Bahrain and Yemen, despite violence from riot police and regime supporters.

Iran and the Egyptian revolution

By Bill Van Auken, 16 February 2011

The government of Iran, the right-wing Green Movement opposition and the Obama administration in Washington have all sought to invoke the developments in Egypt to further interests that have nothing to do with this revolutionary upsurge.

Mass protests spread in Middle East as Washington reassures Israel, Arab dictators

By Bill Van Auken, 15 February 2011

Inspired by the Egyptian people’s overthrow of Hosni Mubarak, protests continued to spread in the Middle East on Monday, as Washington scrambled to reassure Israel and pro-US regimes in the region of its continued support.

Crisis-ridden Palestinian Authority calls elections

By Jean Shaoul, 15 February 2011

The Palestinian Authority has announced elections, a cabinet reshuffle and the resignation of Saeb Erekat, its chief negotiator with Israel. It is the desperate reaction of a regime in crisis, trying to forestall the spread of the mass movements that have toppled Tunisia’s Ben Ali and Egypt’s Mubarak.

Egyptian military asserts authority as strikes, protests spread

By Andrea Peters, 14 February 2011

While suspending the constitution and parliament of the Mubarak dictatorship, the Egyptian military continues to uphold the 30-year-old emergency law that has served as the basis of political repression.

Thousands protest, clash with police in Yemen and Algeria

By David Walsh, 14 February 2011

Major protests took place in Yemen and Algeria over the weekend, as thousands took to the streets in rallies against government corruption, poverty and unemployment.

The Egyptian Revolution enters a new stage

By Alex Lantier, 14 February 2011

The Egyptian military’s communiqués make clear that it intends to divert and suppress the mass movement, while carrying out a tactical transfer of power to maintain the old regime.

Mubarak resignation staggers Obama administration

By Alex Lantier, 12 February 2011

Obama administration officials reacted to yesterday’s ouster of Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak with hypocritical declarations of solidarity with the democratic aspirations of the Egyptian masses.

Mubarak resigns, military claims power in Egypt

By Tom Eley, 12 February 2011

Massive demonstrations and a growing strike wave forced the Friday resignation of Hosni Mubarak. While millions celebrated his ouster, power has been claimed by the military.

Popular anger boils over in Iraq

Further protests in Algeria, Tunisia and Yemen

By David Walsh, 12 February 2011

The eruption of the Egyptian revolution, in the wake of the Tunisian events, is inspiring populations across the Middle East and North Africa.

The downfall of Hosni Mubarak

By World Socialist Web Site Editorial Board, 12 February 2011

The World Socialist Web Site hails the downfall of Egyptian dictator Hosni Mubarak. As significant as this event is, however, it is only the beginning of this struggle.

The TUC is no friend of the Egyptian working class

By Chris Marsden, 12 February 2011

It is in order to ensure that a mounting strike wave involving millions does not threaten the survival of the pro-Western military regime in Egypt that the International Trade Union Confederation (ITUC) poses as an ally of Egyptian workers.

Mubarak resigns, military claims power in Egypt

By Tom Eley, 11 February 2011

Massive demonstrations and a growing strike wave forced the Friday resignation of Hosni Mubarak. While millions celebrated his ouster, power has been claimed by the military.

Egyptian military tortured, “disappeared” thousands of demonstrators

By Tom Eley, 11 February 2011

Since demonstrations and strikes erupted against the Mubarak regime on January 25, the Egyptian military has arrested, tortured and “disappeared” thousands, according to reports from the Guardian newspaper and human rights organizations.

Israel staggered by Egypt protests, social tensions at home

By Jean Shaoul, 11 February 2011

The right-wing Israeli government of Benyamin Netanyahu has been shaken by the mass demonstrations engulfing Egypt and growing social opposition in Israel.

Protesters in Gabon call for president to step down

By Ann Talbot, 11 February 2011

In recent weeks, protesters have taken to the streets in the African nation of Gabon, demanding that President Ali Ben Bongo Odimba resign.

French prime minister faces scandal over all-expenses paid Egyptian vacation

By Kumaran Ira, 11 February 2011

On Tuesday, French Prime Minister François Fillon admitted that he had spent his Christmas holiday with his family in Egypt, paid for by President Hosni Mubarak’s regime.

The downfall of Hosni Mubarak

By World Socialist Web Site Editorial Board, 11 February 2011

The World Socialist Web Site hails the downfall of Egyptian dictator Hosni Mubarak. As significant as this event is, however, it is only the beginning of this struggle.

The Egyptian revolution and the German Left Party

By Ulrich Rippert, 11 February 2011

The Left Party in Germany has reacted to the development of the burgeoning revolution in the Middle East by closing ranks with the government and offering its support.

NPA meeting in Paris backs imperialist policy on Egypt, Tunisia

By Kumaran Ira and Alex Lantier, 11 February 2011

WSWS reporters attended a February 9 meeting of France’s New Anti-Capitalist Party in Paris, titled “Tunisia-Egypt, from revolt to revolution.”

Strikes and demonstrations spread across Egypt

By Patrick Martin, 10 February 2011

Factory workers, agricultural laborers and civil servants have joined the movement against Mubarak dictatorship.

The Egyptian working class moves to the forefront

By David North, 10 February 2011

During the past few days a steady stream of reports has confirmed the increasingly decisive role of the Egyptian working class in the struggle against the Mubarak regime.

Protests shake Algerian regime

By Alex Lantier, 10 February 2011

A national strike by health workers continued yesterday against the military regime of Algerian President Abdelaziz Bouteflika, as protests by unemployed youth and workers spread throughout the country.

Hamas and PLO suppress solidarity action for Egypt

By Peter Schwarz, 10 February 2011

Both the Islamist Hamas and the Palestine Liberation Organization have suppressed solidarity actions for Egypt.

Mass protests and strikes escalate as Egyptians reject “orderly transition”

By Bill Van Auken, 9 February 2011

Cairo’s Tahrir square was filled with its largest demonstration yet Tuesday as masses of Egyptians rejected the “orderly transition” through which the Obama administration and its principal ally, Omar Suleiman, are attempting to salvage the regime.

Omar Suleiman—longtime collaborator with Israel and US

By Patrick Martin, 9 February 2011

Diplomatic cables released by WikiLeaks show Suleiman’s collaboration in repression of the Palestinians and torture of CIA prisoners

Democrats on the Mubarak payroll

By Patrick Martin, 9 February 2011

Many well-connected Washington lobbyists are on retainer for the Egyptian government

French government embarrassed by its ties to North African dictatorships

By Antoine Lerougetel and Alex Lantier, 9 February 2011

The mass protests in North Africa against Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak and Tunisian President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, who fled his country on January 14, are shaking the French government.

Italian politicians fear spread of “Egyptian fever”

By Marianne Arens, 9 February 2011

The uprisings in Tunisia and Egypt are causing anxiety among Italian government and opposition politicians who fear “Egyptian fever” could spread to their side of the Mediterranean.

Munich Security Conference defends the Egyptian regime

By Peter Schwarz, 9 February 2011

The 47th Security Conference in Munich last weekend openly stood behind the hated Egyptian regime of Hosni Mubarak.