France

French “Yellow Vest” protesters prepare road blockades against fuel tax hike

By Anthony Torres, 16 November 2018

Fear is growing in official circles that tomorrow’s nationwide road blockades could develop into an explosion of mass social anger against French President Macron.

French teachers mobilize against Macron’s attacks on education

By Anthony Torres, 15 November 2018

Monday’s strike was the first day of action called by the education unions since 2011.

Thousands protest Trump’s visit to Paris for centenary of World War I armistice

By our reporters, 13 November 2018

During the US president’s visit on November 11, thousands of people came out on Republic Square to protest war and austerity.

Bitter US-European tensions mark centenary of World War I armistice in Paris

By Alex Lantier, 12 November 2018

Heads of state from 70 countries gathered in Paris to mark the centenary of the end of World War I under the shadow of rising conflicts between the great powers.

French President Macron hails fascist dictator Philippe Pétain

By Alex Lantier, 10 November 2018

Macron’s attempt to rehabilitate Pétain is an unabashed appeal to the far right, which he is cultivating as a base of support amid rising opposition among workers.

New Caledonia referendum rejects independence from France

By John Braddock, 6 November 2018

The vote against independence will do nothing to resolve the legacy of colonialism and deep social divisions in the French Pacific territory.

Inviting Trump to Paris, Macron evokes the specter of fascism and the 1930s

By Alex Lantier, 5 November 2018

Macron is inviting America’s far-right president while hypocritically criticizing European neo-fascism as a danger to the pursuit of European imperialist interests.

France to send aircraft carrier to South China Sea to threaten China

By Anthony Torres, 2 November 2018

Amid growing tensions between the major powers, France’s nuclear-armed aircraft carrier is set to travel next year to the Indian Ocean and the South China Sea.

French flooding deaths expose legacy of austerity

By Olivier Laurent, 25 October 2018

Fourteen people were killed and 75 injured in floods that ravaged the Aude region of southern France last week.

The raid on Unsubmissive France and the global rise of state repression

By Alex Lantier, 19 October 2018

Coming after the brutal state murder of Jamal Khashoggi, the raid on LFI points to a generalized resort to police state repression against political opposition

”We are beginning to see the same thing in France”

Refugee who fled Chile’s dictatorship denounces police raids against Unsubmissive France

By Alex Lantier, 18 October 2018

We spoke with Myriam, a Chilean refugee, about the police raids on the offices of Jean-Luc Melenchon’s Unsubmissive France.

After police raids on LFI, French courts and media denounce Mélenchon

By Alex Lantier, 18 October 2018

The official reaction to the police raids on Mélenchon’s LFI movement shows that a police state exists and is rapidly consolidating itself in France.

Macron organises French cabinet reshuffle to pursue austerity and militarism

By Francis Dubois, 18 October 2018

The government reorganisation will not resolve the crisis of rule emerging from growing working class opposition to Macron's program.

Police raid on Mélenchon: The state attacks the Unsubmissive France party

By Alex Lantier, 17 October 2018

The political targeting of a party that received 20 percent of the vote, including most left-wing voters, marks a major step toward authoritarian rule.

A reply to French daily Libération

Is the WSWS exaggerating the threat of war?

By Alex Lantier, 17 October 2018

While admitting the WSWS accurately reports US military measures aimed at Russia and China, Libération claims that we are overstating US preparations for “total war.”

In Rome, Salvini and Le Pen launch campaign for a neo-fascist Europe

By Francis Dubois and Alex Lantier, 15 October 2018

Exploiting reactionary austerity policies carried out by social-democratic and pseudo-left parties across Europe, the two neo-fascistic leaders posed as defenders of the peoples of Europe.

Macron fails to name new French government

By Francis Dubois, 13 October 2018

More than ten days after Interior Minister Gérard Collomb resigned, President Emmanuel Macron again missed a self-imposed deadline to name a new government.

France’s Mélenchon tacitly backs Wagenknecht’s xenophobic Aufstehen group

By Anthony Torres, 13 October 2018

By his silence, Mélenchon is tacitly supporting forces within his Unsubmissive France party that are orienting toward right-wing populism and the militarization of Europe.

Workers and retirees rally against French government’s austerity policies

By Anthony Torres, 10 October 2018

As Macron slashes wage levels and basic social rights in France, growing numbers of workers distrust the unions and are calling for a general strike.

French government on verge of collapse after interior minister resigns

By Alex Lantier, 9 October 2018

Like rats fleeing a sinking ship, ministers are abandoning Macron in an attempt to save their political careers by finding positions in municipal politics.

Build rank-and-file committees to unify struggles against austerity in France!

By the Socialist Equality Party (France), 9 October 2018

Workers face the choice between President Emmanuel Macron’s social counterrevolution and a revolutionary struggle to bring down the Macron government.

French government staggered by Interior Minister Collomb’s resignation

By Francis Dubois, 8 October 2018

Collomb’s resignation has laid bare the weakness of President Emmanuel Macron’s government.

“I am a poet who has the ability to sing his poems” – Charles Aznavour (1924-2018)

By Paul Bond, 6 October 2018

Aznavour grew up with a love of music and theatre and leaves a legacy of some 1,200 songs, innumerable recordings, and some notable film appearances.

International Court of Justice strikes down US sanctions against Iran

By Alex Lantier, 4 October 2018

The International Court of Justice has no power to enforce its decision, and US officials immediately made clear they will defy the ICJ ruling.

Macron whitewashes French state murder of Maurice Audin

By Francis Dubois and Alex Lantier, 1 October 2018

Audin’s murder in Algeria constitutes a warning of the nature of imperialist war, which still echoes 60 years on, as NATO intervenes across the Middle East.

Macron impeachment mooted as more French ministers resign

By Francis Dubois, 22 September 2018

Two weeks after Macron called for a “common front” of all his ministers as the school year began, ministers are constantly resigning, throwing into question the survival of the government.

French far-right tough defends fascist murder of Méric: “He asked for it!”

By Anthony Torres, 19 September 2018

The provocative statements underscore that the fascist murder of Méric was a political act carried out in close connection to powerful forces inside the police apparatus.

French neo-fascists who killed Clément Méric receive short jail terms

By Anthony Torres, 19 September 2018

The trial was above all a whitewash of the close ties between the police and the neo-fascist thugs who fatally assaulted a left-wing, anti-fascist student.

In France, Mélenchon advisor hails Wagenknecht’s anti-immigrant Aufstehen group

By Alex Lantier, 17 September 2018

Kuzmanovic applauded Aufstehen’s xenophobic line as a strategy for Melenchon's Unsubmissive France (LFI) to win workers’ votes.

Trial starts five years after fascist murder of French student Clément Méric

By Anthony Torres, 14 September 2018

As they try to integrate neo-fascist politicians into official mainstream politics, the police and the ruling elite are whitewashing the murder of Méric.

French ministers resign as Macron government plunges in polls

By Francis Dubois, 7 September 2018

Hostility to President Macron’s agenda is spreading among not only among workers, but also broad sections of small business.

070 French government minsters resign

6 September 2018

Why are French media obsessed with Ecology Minister Hulot’s resignation?

By Francis Dubois, 4 September 2018

While the media endlessly discuss the crisis of the government, their obsession with Hulot obscures the deep unpopularity of Macron’s policies of austerity and war.

French, British boats clash over English Channel scallops amid Brexit crisis

By Alex Lantier, 31 August 2018

The clash highlighted how unexpected conflicts could erupt over Britain’s exit from the EU amid the relentless stoking of nationalism on both sides of the Channel.

Arsène Tchakarian (1916-2018): the Manouchian Group’s resistance struggle

Part 2: Who betrayed the Manouchian Group?

By Francis Dubois and Alex Lantier, 31 August 2018

There is no doubt that the Stalinists’ decision to sacrifice the Manouchian Group was bound up with their genocidal onslaught against Trotskyism and the Left Opposition.

Mélenchon’s Unsubmissive France opens summer school with overtures to right-wing parties

By Francis Dubois, 30 August 2018

Mélenchon’s invitation of right-wing parties to his summer school marks another milestone in the right-wing trajectory of the middle-class pseudo-left.

Who is Unsubmissive France’s “Comrade Policeman” Alexandre Langlois?

By Anthony Torres, 30 August 2018

An intelligence agent who read some Marx while in an agency that set up provocations against strikers, Langlois was ideally placed to join the populist pseudo-left.

Arsène Tchakarian (1916–2018): The Manouchian Group’s resistance struggle

Part 1: The political origins and military record of the resistance fighters

By Francis Dubois and Alex Lantier, 30 August 2018

Arsène Tchakarian, the last remaining survivor of the famed Manouchian Group of the French Resistance, died on August 4, 2018, at the age of 101.

French government announces plan to undermine pension system

By Francis Dubois, 28 August 2018

While giving tens of billions of euros in tax cuts to the super-rich, President Macron is slashing pensions, eliminating social rights established more than 70 years ago.

Macron’s education cuts deny admission to thousands of French university students

By Kumaran Ira, 27 August 2018

The measure aims to make universities more competitive and to prepare their privatization.

Unsubmissive France summer school: Mélenchon invites the right wing

By Anthony Torres, 14 August 2018

Mélenchon’s attempts to ally with the political right must serve as a warning to workers that he plans to carry out a violently anti-worker policy.

Spanish army hails record of fascist dictator Francisco Franco

By Alejandro Lopez, 10 August 2018

A group of 181 retired Spanish army officers issued a statement hailing fascist dictator Francisco Franco for "saving" Spain during the Spanish Civil War.

Appeal to neo-fascists on police scandal exposes reactionary role of Unsubmissive France

By Francis Dubois, 4 August 2018

Unsubmissive France is advancing out a populist, anti-worker policy compatible with police repression.

Lafarge investigation exposes US-French collusion with ISIS in Syria

By Francis Dubois, 3 August 2018

Former Foreign Secretary Laurent Fabius claimed to know nothing about it, but ties between terrorist groups and the former Socialist Party government are rapidly coming to light.

France sets aside €300 billion for military in 2019-2025 budget plans

By Kumaran Ira, 1 August 2018

The massive increase in military spending underscores the fact that a fundamental aim of European austerity policies is to finance large-scale imperialist wars.

Benalla affair destabilises Macron government in France

By Francis Dubois, 31 July 2018

The campaign by the police and parliamentary opposition to Macron is aimed at defending the police apparatus and supporting the president’s policies of militarism and austerity.

French police scandal exposes Mélenchon’s ties to the police state

By Anthony Torres, 31 July 2018

Mélenchon’s ardent defense of the police in his attacks on French President Macron reflect his organization’s close ties to the police and intelligence agencies.

Wealthiest 500 French people own 30 percent of the country’s GDP

By Kumaran Ira, 25 July 2018

The vast fortunes accumulated by the financial aristocracy are the product of the social plunder of the working class that President Emmanuel Macron is accelerating.

French presidential scandal: Mélenchon defends the riot police

By Francis Dubois and Alex Lantier, 24 July 2018

Mélenchon was careful not to appeal to anger among workers and youth at the arbitrary police violence captured in a viral video of a presidential aide assaulting protesters.

Top French presidential aide held for illegally assaulting peaceful protesters

By Anthony Torres, 21 July 2018

For months, the Elysée presidential palace covered up this brutal and illegal assault on protesters who were exercising their democratic rights.

France wins football World Cup

By Anthony Torres, 16 July 2018

This Cup, marked by many surprise eliminations of top teams, ended with a match between two countries, France and Croatia, that were far from the favorites to win.

Human right groups reveal French complicity in torture in Egypt

By Francis Dubois, 14 July 2018

French corporations and governments are active accomplices in the bloody Egyptian military junta’s mass surveillance and repression of the Egyptian people.

Riots erupt in Nantes in western France after police murder

By Alex Lantier, 5 July 2018

Multiple witnesses to the killing, including journalists, stated that police coldly executed the victim at point-blank range even though he posed no danger to them.

Merkel, Macron call for more EU militarism at Meseberg conference

By Alex Lantier, 20 June 2018

Merkel and Macron signed an agreement for a drastic expansion of EU militarism and joint attacks on immigrants together with far-right governments in Italy and Austria.

Clashing with Rome, Paris persecutes refugees at Italian border

By Athiyan Silva and Alex Lantier, 18 June 2018

While making empty criticisms of Rome’s callous refusal to help 629 refugees trapped aboard the Aquarius, Macron is stepping up France’s offensive against refugees.

Despite rising social anger, Macron pledges to step up austerity attacks in France

By Alex Lantier, 16 June 2018

The multimillionaire banker-president denounced the “crazy amounts of money” he claims France spends on the poor.

Unions call four-day strike at Air France

By Kumaran Ira, 14 June 2018

The strike call comes amid rising anger in the workforce after workers voted to reject a concessions contract negotiation by the unions and Air France management.

Mass layoffs announced at French retail giant Carrefour

By Anthony Torres, 12 June 2018

Carrefour announced last week that it would close down 272 stores it purchased from the Dia retail chain, laying off thousands of workers.

Anti-“fake news” bill gives French state unchecked Internet censorship powers

By Alex Lantier, 8 June 2018

Judges will be allowed to force service providers to take down material posted on the Internet simply by asserting that they believe it to be “fake news.”

Merkel calls for EU militarism, financial austerity in reply to Macron

By Alex Lantier, 6 June 2018

While Merkel endorsed French calls for militarism and attacks on refugees, she gave little support for Macron’s calls for more investment and guarantees against new debt crises.

1968: The general strike and the student revolt in France

Part 8—The centrist line of the OCI (4)

By Peter Schwarz, 6 June 2018

Fifty years ago, in May–June 1968, a general strike brought France to the brink of proletarian revolution. This eight-part series describes the events and draws the political lessons for today.

1968: The general strike and the student revolt in France

Part 7—The centrist line of the OCI (3)

By Peter Schwarz, 5 June 2018

Fifty years ago, in May-June 1968, a general strike brought France to the brink of proletarian revolution. This eight-part series describes the events and draws the political lessons for today.

SEP holds Paris meeting on 50 years since May 1968 general strike

By our reporters, 5 June 2018

The Socialist Equality Party of France held a meeting on the political lessons of the May 1968 general strike on Sunday in Paris.

French riot police launch mass expulsions of refugees from Paris

By Athiyan Silva, 4 June 2018

On Wednesday, hundreds of French riot police assaulted one of the biggest refugee camps in France, at the Saint Denis Canal in the 19th district of Paris.

1968: The general strike and the student revolt in France

Part 6—The centrist line of the OCI (2)

By Peter Schwarz, 4 June 2018

Fifty years ago, in May–June 1968, a general strike brought France to the brink of proletarian revolution. This eight-part series describes the events and draws the political lessons for today.

1968: The general strike and the student revolt in France

Part 5—The centrist line of the OCI (1)

By Peter Schwarz, 2 June 2018

Fifty years ago, in May-June 1968, a general strike brought France to the brink of proletarian revolution. This eight-part series describes the events and draws the political lessons for today.

French rail workers strike at a crossroads

By Kumaran Ira and Alex Lantier, 1 June 2018

As the unions begin calling to put an end to the strike, the strike must be taken out of the hands of the unions and waged on an independent, revolutionary perspective.

1968: The general strike and the student revolt in France

Part 4—How Alain Krivine’s JCR covered for the betrayals of Stalinism (2)

By Peter Schwarz, 1 June 2018

Fifty years ago, in May–June 1968, a general strike brought France to the brink of proletarian revolution. This eight-part series describes the events and draws the political lessons for today.

French rail workers protest privatization plans

By V. Gnana and Senthooran Ravee, 31 May 2018

Rail workers were sympathetic to the Socialist Equality Party’s call for the formation of committees of action to unify the struggles against President Macron.

1968: The general strike and the student revolt in France

Part 3—How Alain Krivine’s JCR covered for the betrayals of Stalinism

By Peter Schwarz, 31 May 2018

Fifty years ago, in May–June 1968, a general strike brought France to the brink of proletarian revolution. This eight-part series describes the events and draws the political lessons for today.

1968: The general strike and the student revolt in France

Part 2—The betrayal of the PCF and CGT

By Peter Schwarz, 30 May 2018

Fifty years ago, in May–June 1968, a general strike brought France to the brink of proletarian revolution. This eight-part series describes the events and draws the political lessons for today.

1968: The general strike and the student revolt in France

Part 1—A revolutionary situation develops

By Peter Schwarz, 29 May 2018

Fifty years ago, in May-June 1968, a general strike brought France to the brink of proletarian revolution. This eight-part series describes the events and draws the political lessons for today.

French rail workers demonstrate after voting against Macron’s privatization

By Alex Lantier, 28 May 2018

A class gulf separates growing working class militancy from the unions’ attempts to negotiate a deal with President Macron’s anti-worker government.

“Human Wave” rallies protest austerity in France

By our reporters, 28 May 2018

The protests took place in nearly 200 cities, according to protest organizers, with 250,000 people participating across France.

Billionaires’ wealth grows faster in France than in any other country

By Guillaume Garnier and Alex Lantier, 25 May 2018

As President Emmanuel Macron slashes wages and conditions across France, the country’s 13 wealthiest people have raked in $27.6 billion since the start of 2018.

The way forward for French workers

Build rank-and-file committees to oppose Macron’s austerity measures!

By Alex Lantier, 24 May 2018

In voting to reject privatization, French rail workers are at the forefront of a struggle of the entire working class against the Macron government. This struggle requires a revolutionary perspective.

French public sector workers strike against austerity and attacks on conditions

By Kumaran Ira, 23 May 2018

The strikes and the 130 protests across France are a sign of growing opposition to the militarist and austerity policies of Macron and the European Union.

France: PSA uses labor law to sack workers, boost working times in Vesoul plant

By Anthony Torres, 22 May 2018

Using the Socialist Party’s labor law and Macron’s labor decrees, automaker PSA Peugeot-Citroën plans to sack hundreds of workers and boost working times.

Persecution of refugees mounts after passage of French asylum law

By Athiyan Silva, 21 May 2018

WSWS reporters visited camps in Paris where 3,000 refugees, mostly youth born after the 1991 Iraq war, live in inhuman conditions.

French unions negotiate with government to impose railway privatization

By Anthony Torres, 19 May 2018

France’s major trade unions are moving toward a capitulation to President Emmanuel Macron’s government in the face of this politically explosive and deeply unpopular attack.

Striking workers and students in France denounce war, Gaza massacre

By Alex Lantier, 16 May 2018

Rail workers and students protesting selective admissions at universities denounced French bombings in Syria and the Israeli army’s massacre of unarmed Palestinians.

The massacre in Gaza and imperialist war policy

By Andre Damon, 16 May 2018

The defense by the imperialist powers of Israel’s murder of over 60 Palestinian demonstrators Monday makes clear that they have adopted the mass killing of unarmed civilians as a legitimate policy tool.

French students blockade universities in struggle against selective admissions

By Guillaume Garnier, 15 May 2018

After the March 22 protest of rail and public workers against the privatisation of railways, students launched a movement to blockade universities across France.

The fraud of Mélenchon’s call for a Franco-Russian alliance against war

By Alex Lantier and Kumaran Ira, 15 May 2018

Workers cannot rely on an alliance of capitalist powers proposed by pro-war politicians like Jean-Luc Mélenchon to stave off the growing danger of global conflict over Iran.

One dead, four injured Saturday night in Islamist terror attack in Paris

By Guillaume Garnier, 14 May 2018

The assailant did not have a police record, but he was known to the French intelligence services.

The referendum at SNCF: The unions seek to strangle French rail strike

By Alex Lantier, 12 May 2018

The referendum on Macron’s reforms being prepared by the unions for May 14-21 represents a dead-end for railway workers.

Defying the trade unions, Air France workers vote to reject contract

By Alex Lantier, 8 May 2018

Workers defied not only threats from Air France and the government, but also from the union bureaucrats, who demanded that they approve the contract.

French rail workers, teachers protest Macron’s social cuts

By Anthony Torres, 5 May 2018

Rail workers and high school teachers on strike Thursday spoke out against the social cuts and military spending proposed by President Emmanuel Macron.

Citing clashes at May Day rally, French government calls for end to strikes

By Anthony Torres, 5 May 2018

Officials are calling for stepped-up police deployments and closer collaboration with the trade unions to strangle political opposition.

French president calls for new Indo-Pacific “axis” against China

By Mike Head, 4 May 2018

Macron’s trip to Australia and New Caledonia has taken to a new level moves by France and other European powers to assert their interests in the region.

May Day 2018: Millions march on International Workers Day

By our reporters, 2 May 2018

Mass protests, including marches and strikes, and involving millions of people around the world, took place yesterday on every continent, reflecting a growing radicalization of the working class.

Trade unions in talks with French prime minister to strangle rail strike

By Anthony Torres, 1 May 2018

The unions are openly preparing to betray the strike, as the prime minister has said he will negotiate only if the unions accept virtually all of the government’s demands.

French immigration bill attacks right to asylum

By Athiyan Silva, 1 May 2018

The neo-fascist National Front voted for provisions of the bill, marking the first time a French government has passed legislative measures with FN support.

“Old Europe” comes to Washington

By Alex Lantier and Andre Damon, 28 April 2018

Fifteen years ago, the European powers opposed the US-British invasion of Iraq. Now they are scrambling to serve as junior partners in the new carve-up of the Middle East.

Addressing US Congress, Macron backs neocolonial carve-up of Middle East

By Alex Lantier, 26 April 2018

Emmanuel Macron’s address to a joint session of the US Congress on Wednesday was one of the most belligerent public statements ever made by a French president.

In Washington, Macron calls for renegotiation of nuclear deal with Iran

By Alex Lantier, 25 April 2018

Paris is joining Washington in telling Iran it must comply with US dictates or face the renewal of trade sanctions and the possibility of military attack.

Starting Washington visit, Macron pledges endless war in Syria

By Alex Lantier, 24 April 2018

Notwithstanding the deep and growing tensions between US imperialism and its European counterparts, all of them are set on a course of escalating war.

French students, workers march in April 19 protests against Macron

By Anthony Torres, 21 April 2018

The first protest of strikers from multiple professions since November 2017 took place amid spreading blockades of universities by students opposed to Macron.

Melenchon keeps silent on Syria strikes at Marseille protest

By Anthony Torres, 21 April 2018

The rally underscored the gulf separating the determination of workers and youth to fight against Macron and the growing danger of war, and the pro-war petty bourgeois parties that called the rally.

Merkel, Macron meet in Berlin as Syrian strike deepens conflicts inside NATO

By Alex Lantier, 20 April 2018

The German and French leaders endorsed the unprovoked strike on Syria, but were unable to hide growing differences inside NATO, particularly over economic policy.